Computer Science

In 1958, Chaim Pekeris completed a landmark project in computer science. As a physicist at the Weizmann Institute of Technology in Israel, he become fascinated with the relatively new science of quantum mechanics and its potential to explain from first principles the behaviour of atoms. There was a problem however. …

Computer Science

Even before the first computer was conceptualized, data had already been stored on hard copy medium and used with a machine.  As early as 1801, the punched card was used as a control device for mechanical looms.  One and one-half centuries later, IBM joined punched cards to computers, encoding binary …